Pain

Pain always accompanies an operation, and its severity depends on the procedure and the patient’s sensitivity to pain.

Proper pain relief helps you to recover from the surgery faster. Our aim is to minimize the patient’s pain.

The anaesthetic doctor and nurse take care of the pain relief depending on the patient’s sensations. Pain is measured with various pain assessment tools.

Pain scales

A pain scale can be a numerical rating scale, with the other extremity (0) meaning “no pain at all” and the other (10) “extremely severe pain”.

Pain scales

The scale can also be a triangle (VAS = visual analogue scale) that can be used to display the severity of pain.
Pain scale

Children’s pain can be measured using a scale illustrated with facial expressions.

Pain scales for children


Nausea and vomiting   

Nausea and vomiting after an operation is common. It is more usual in women than men, and in people suffering from motion sickness, and after certain procedures. The nausea can be efficiently treated with medication.

Preventing vein thrombosis

A surgery always includes a risk of vein thrombosis. The risk is significant in lengthy orthopaedic operations of the legs. It is increased by smoking, overweight, lack of exercise, varicose veins, untreated high blood pressure, heart failure, acute inflammatory disease, and hereditary coagulation disorders, and in women, hormonal treatments, such as contraceptive pills and pregnancy.

After minor procedures, moving your legs immediately after the surgery and getting up and moving from the bed as early as possible is enough for preventing vein thrombosis. Using proper support stockings increases the effectiveness of the measures.

If the likelihood of vein thrombosis is significant, preventive medication must be injected under the skin. Injecting the medicine is easy and risk-free, and you can do it yourself after being instructed by the staff. Vein thrombosis is usually formed in a vein in either of the legs, and it can cause a pulmonary embolism (a blockage of an artery in your lungs) if left untreated. A typical symptom is local pain in the calf or thigh felt especially when walking. The leg may also swell.

Symptoms of pulmonary embolism include breathing difficulties, cough, chest pain, dizziness, and accelerated heart rate. If you experience these symptoms, contact a doctor immediately.

Contact a doctor if:

  • The pain after the surgery is severe and the painkillers that we have given to you do not help.
  • Severe fatigue and sleepiness, nausea, vomiting, serious stomach discomfort, itching, or severe constipation continues.
  • After a spinal anaesthesia you have a severe headache that is felt especially when standing up.
  • You feel pain in your calf or thigh, especially when walking.
  • You have difficulties in breathing.
  • You get a high fever and inflammatory symptoms on the operated or anaesthetized area (minor fever immediately after the procedure is common).  

 

Treatment of pain >>

9/14/2017 päiväkirurgia