Blocked tear duct (dacryostenosis) in children
The symptom of a blocked tear duct is tearing, which means that the eye is watering both indoors as well as outdoors. The outflow of tear fluids has decreased. There can also be some inflammation involved, in which case there is discharge from the eye.
Dacryostenosis can also be congenital, which means that the child is born with it. In this case the reason for a blocked tear duct is an unopened mucosal fold in the nasal part of the tear duct. Luckily this blockage will usually heal itself, and with approximately 80 % of the children the blockage will have healed by itself by the time the child is eight months old. Massaging the tear duct several times a day will help with the healing.
If the symptoms persist, it is possible to rinse the tear ducts and open up the blockage with a probe under general anaesthesia.
For the children coming for operative treatment of dacryostenosis we will make two appointments; one for preoperative examination and one for the actual procedure. At the preoperative appointment the patient will also get a prescription for eye and nose drops that will be used at home after the surgery.
The procedure will be conducted in the operating room of the operating department, but the preparations before the procedure as well as the postoperative observation will take place at the ophthalmic day surgery unit.