Cataract means the clouding of the lens in the eye. The most common reason for the clouding of the lens is ageing, but also some systemic diseases, medications or trauma to the eye can cause cataract. There are no conservative treatments to cataract, which means that the clouded lens must be surgically removed from the eye.
The cataract surgery involves the removal of the clouded lens in local anaesthesia with the help of an ultrasound. The removed lens will be replaced with a clear plastic artificial lens. The strength of the lens is calculated individually according to the measurements done to the eye that is being operated.
The cataract surgery is a day surgery, which will be conducted in the eye unit. The eye will be anaesthetized with eye drops prior to the surgery. Sometimes it is necessary to conduct the surgery under general anaesthesia.
At the day surgery unit they conduct approximately 950 cataract surgeries per year.
Two different appointments will be arranged for the patient who is coming for a cataract surgery; a telephone appointment to go through the patient’s anamnesis, and an appointment for the surgery.
During the telephone appointment a nurse will go through the patient’s anamnesis, including diseases and medications that are relevant to the upcoming surgery. After the telephone call a doctor will make an electronic prescription for antibiotic eye drops, which the patient will have to administer to both eyes on the day before the operation.
The follow-up examination usually takes place one month after the operation at the referring physician’s office.