Iritis or inflammation of the iris of the eye is an intraocular inflammation. It is a common unilateral eye disease with sudden onset. It may recur in the same eye or in the other eye. In case of recurrent disease, the patient may suspect the likely diagnosis. The eye with iritis is bloodshot, sensitive to light, sore, and possibly tender to touch. The iris becomes more blurred and grey compared to the healthy eye.
Iritis is treated with cortisone eye drops and mydriatic eye drops. In severe inflammation, a course of cortisone tablets may be added to the regimen. Treatment will usually continue for about 4 to 6 weeks.
If the patient has other general symptoms, such as joint symptoms or backache, necessary additional examinations, such as blood tests, may be done.